A Drive in the Country

The term ‘countryside’ conjures a variety of images.  The perfect English village; neat and tidy with its well-kept green, duck pond, ancient church and a pub or two. The French version; narrow streets, quiet to the point of being deserted, especially after sunset. In America, the ‘countryside’ can mean a combination of agri-businesses run by global companies and, much like Britain, weekend cottages for the wealthy urban elite. New ruralism, indeed!


A Champa tower near Quy Nhon: Guarding the surrounding countryside


While I imagined rural life in Viet Nam would differ considerably from these ‘western’ versions, I was surprised by what I found, as a group of us spent a day traveling through the countryside.

At first, everything seemed as one would expect.  Small, intensely cultivated fields, created beautiful vistas that faded into the verdant backdrop of gently sloping hills and mountains. Centuries-old Champa towers and Buddhist temples were eye-catching landmarks. The boundaries of the low-lying farms were defined by irrigation ditches, trees and hedges.  Homes were often several hundred meters from the road and utterly connected to their farmed land.  People were tending the fields and, yes, water buffalo pulled carts and ploughs and other machinery.

Then we entered our first of many villages that day.  The houses here opened directly onto the road or were protected from the traffic by a small front garden or yard.  Often the yard had an important commercial purpose, as storage for manufactured items or as an area to conduct business.  One of my abiding memories was the creative use of the edges of the warming concrete road surface; our vehicle had to slow frequently to avoid the rice drying in the midday sun.


A typical farmhouse, viewed from the main road.


The boundary between home and business became blurred. Western planners and urban designers like to talk about ‘mixed-use zoning’, creating descriptive terms like ‘live-work’ or borrowing foreign expressions like ‘atelier’ to broaden their vocabulary. In Viet Nam, the immediate impression was of an organized chaos of potentially conflicting activities, compounded by the sheer number of people that we passed along the road. Crowded homes doubled as stores or workshops and, with children, came creches while the oldest members of the household seemed to work as hard as the younger generations around them.


Protection from the hazards of the daily ride to work...


Every village we passed through had its share of micro-businesses (as we over-analytic Westerners would say). Potters, weavers, metal workers and mechanics occupied small  workshops along the narrow main streets. Meanwhile, produce of all sorts was farmed in the surrounding fields, although rice seemed to be the predominant crop. Finally, there were the schools and, in some larger villages, local government offices that provided vital employment possibilities and essential services in this communal society.  Manufacturing, agriculture and services coexisted and, crucially, generated a level of energy and activity that I had never seen before in a rural setting.


In the front yard of a village potter


As usual, young people were predominant, cycling and riding motos from school to home and, probably back again as we approached the lunch hour.  The road seemed impossibly narrow and certainly not sufficient for the drying crops, heavily laden pedestrians, kids on bikes, youths on motos, the occasional truck and our obligatory SUV (with six adult passengers, I’m pleased to report).  Amazingly and despite experiencing similar road conditions in every village we passed through, we avoided mishap.

It shouldn’t be surprising to see so much activity in the Vietnamese countryside. Agriculture, though declining in relative economic importance, still occupies 60% of the nation’s employed labor force.  Most tellingly, although 50% of Vietnam’s land mass is considered to support agriculture and forestry, only 9% has the alluvial soil essential for truly productive farming, a fact born out by our drive through the intensely cultivated fields with their backdrop of silent wooded hillsides.


The lunch time rush!


We returned to Quy Nhon during rush hour, having spent the day enjoying our ‘not-so-quiet drive in the country’.  What we had seen in the space of a few hours was a society that appears to be striking a balance between its urban and rural economies. While the cities in Vietnam are magnets attracting increasing numbers of people from the countryside, to Western eyes there appears a vibrant, viable rural economy that, in terms of its energy, is uplifting and culturally fascinating – and a lot more compelling than the European or North American versions.


One of the many stores along our route.


Quy Nhon’s Promenade

A British vacation in the auto-free days of the 1950s was a simple affair.  A journey by train to a seaside town, accommodation at a simple ‘bed-and-breakfast’, long days on the beach (whatever the weather) and bracing walks along the promenade.

Skegness: the typical British seaside, complete with a Victorian pier in the background.

The promenade. A wide waterfront side-walk, raised above the beach, sometimes by only a few feet. A brisk walk along the ‘prom’ was healthy, invigorating, or, more casually, a social event and a refreshing departure from the drab routine of post-war Britain.

Brighton's impressive 'lower' promenade. The 'upper' prom is in the left of this picture, next to a busy road.

Quy Nhon has a beautiful promenade.  It extends the length of the crescent-shaped beach and fulfills all the essential requirements of an outstanding ‘prom’; wide sidewalks; lots of seating facing seaward; the minimum of visual obstruction, allowing the rest of the city to connect with the water and; excellent pedestrian access along and onto the beach.  I experienced Quy Nhon’s promenade from my hotel balcony at sunrise and late at night, walking its length and enjoying it as a social gathering place.

The jet lag woke me at 5:00 am. It was still dark and the bay was dotted with the lights of fishing boats bringing home their catch.  I noticed a lone walker moving with purpose along the promenade below my balcony. Then a couple, talking animatedly, stepped onto the beach. In minutes, there were people coming from all directions, across the well-kept lawns that edged the promenade and out of the nearby hotels. In the growing dawn light, I could see parties of swimmers enjoying the surf while above them, on the promenade, individuals were completing calisthenic exercises.  It seemed that Quy Nhon, in a very few moments, was coming to life in a burst of energy, led by its vacationers.

Dawn breaks on Quy Nhon beach and its superb promenade.

There was a different kind of energy later that evening. The promenade became an informal, convivial gathering place.  The walk back to the hotel, after a simple seafood dinner, was pleasant and relaxed.  A low wall separated the beach from the ‘prom’, providing convenient seating.  But, if that wasn’t enough, there was an endless supply of white plastic garden chairs for the many extended families intent to enjoy the warm evening and the compelling sport of people-watching. I don’t recall any commercialization of the promenade, though there may have been the odd food or soft drink vendor parked along the mile stretch that my friends and I walked.

Enjoying the surf: Quy Nhon 6:00am.

In fact, the lack of shops or restaurants immediately adjacent to the main stretch of promenade added greatly to its charm and simplicity. Across the the road from the beach was a reasonably wide landscaped strip comprising mature trees and grass beyond which one could spy a pleasing mix of unimposing single family homes and corner shops served by their own frontage road.  While the architecture was clearly Vietnamese, Quy Nhon’s promenade and its tree-lined waterfront boulevard were a legacy of the French colonial period.

The colonial legacy: Quy Nhon's promenade is on the extreme right in this interesting transect of the boulevard.

It may not be too fanciful to make the connection between modern Quy Nhon and the 19th century seaside of blustery, cool Northeastern Europe, when a visit to Brighton, England or Deauville, France was described at the time as restorative, recuperative or simply ‘bracing’.  I have no doubt that European families from that era would recognize and appreciate Quy Nhon’s attractive promenade, its pleasant, simple beach and the sense of wellness both physical and social that pervades it at the beginning and end of each day.

Crossing the Street.

Ask a visitor to Viet Nam to list their first impressions and I will guarantee that ‘the motorcycles’ will be among their top five. The importance of the ‘moto’  to urban or rural living in Viet Nam is unarguable.

Journalist Patti McCracken sums it up perfectly;

‘To the Vietnamese, a motorbike is not just a vehicle, but a bionic limb. A magic carpet. A personal jet pack, able to propel them from their living rooms (where many park their bikes) to any doorstep. Legs and feet are backup forms of transport, used only as a last resort.’

A typical Hanoi street scene.

Motos permeate Vietnamese society. It’s estimated that there are over 20 million, or one for every four Vietnamese.  Virtually all motos are small-engined, lightweight runabouts that can be easily maneuvered, parked and, most importantly, mended when something breaks.   They provide Viet Nam’s disproportionately young population with incredible mobility that helps drive its growing economy and vibrant society.

Mums and Dads wait for school to get out.

From the windows of our taxi, I thought the motos seemed to personify the chaos and noise of the big city, as they buzzed round us on Hanoi’s busy roads.  But when we took to the streets on foot, I realized that motos were the stitching that helped keep the urban fabric together. Parked safely on every sidewalk, motos become impromptu recliners for their owners, especially at the key intersections where folk love to gather. Food is cooked and eaten on the sidewalk throughout the day, often in front of repair shops and ‘hole-in-the-wall’ moto parking garages.  When school’s out, small children don their helmets and leap on their parents’ machine, often squeezing between a younger sibling and several bags of groceries.  And who needs a taxi after a pleasant night out when a willing relative  with a moto is able to respond to your phone call and collect you from outside the restaurant?

In the country, the patterns are a little different but just as compelling to observe.  I was amazed by the endless stream of motos, coming and going, as our car travelled the 30 or so kilometers along the narrow rural road that linked a string of tiny villages.  This was not the sleepy country life I was so used to in Europe or America, but a bustling self-contained economy where motos were used for carrying people and every kind of product and produce imaginable from hamlet to hamlet.

Ho Chi Minh looks on as his 'children' head home at rush hour

It is inevitable that safety is an issue when considering the motorcycle as a form of transport.  Traffic accident statistics tell us that Southeast Asia is one of the more dangerous places in the world to  ride a motorcycle.  Traveling along Viet Nam’s Route 1A, where speeding trucks and buses share the road with motos and bicycles, it is surprising that there aren’t more accidents. In the cities, though, I felt relatively safe once I understood the traffic flow and the avoidance procedures every moto rider must adopt if he or she is to get anywhere in town.

No-one will stop for you as you cross the road but they will avoid you with the minimum of fuss and a good deal of skill. It takes courage to launch oneself off the sidewalk into four lanes of oncoming motos. The technique is to walk calmly and steadily across the road, only stopping in an absolute emergency.  The riders flow around you magically, using their horns as a kind of sonar, so that, by the time you’ve reached the other side, you want to turn round and cross again, the nervous observer now transformed into wholehearted participant.

It's Friday afternoon so even the sidewalks belong to the 'motos'